Romanesque

   The term Romanesque ("Roman-like") was first used to designate a style of architecture employing Roman (rounded) arches, and had thick, heavy walls, based upon the basilica. The style is pervasive throughout Europe. "Romanesque" also stands for European art in general of the period immediately before the development of the Gothic style. It was the first style to become dominant throughout virtually all of Europe. Some authorities give the designation Romanesque to art produced as early as the seventh century, although others give the eleventh century as the starting point, from which point it was prevalent until it was followed by the Gothic about 1200 . Romanesque art was primarily of and for the Christian church, and it existed in a variety of regional styles. The Romanesque church was characterized by being massive, with rounded arches and barrel vaults, piers rather than columns, and an abundance of arcades. The ribbed groin vault, developed during this period, was to be extremely important in Gothic architecture. Painting, which survives today mainly in illuminated manuscripts, had a decorative, linear quality and showed some Byzantine influence. Fresco and mosaic work were also popular. The period was marked by revival of monumental stone sculpture, which was created in great profusion as architectural ornament and relief, although large figures were seldom found outside niches. Freestanding sculptures were usually small products of the metalworker's art. (pr. ro'men-esk")

Glossary of Art Terms. 2014.

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  • romanesque — [ rɔmanɛsk ] adj. et n. m. • 1628; h. XVIe; de 1. roman, d apr. it. romanesco 1 ♦ Qui offre les caractères du roman traditionnel : poésie sentimentale, aventures extraordinaires. Aventures romanesques. Une passion romanesque. « Il y a je ne sais… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Romanesque — can refer to: *Romanesque art, the art of Western Europe from approximately 1000 AD to the 13th century or later *Romanesque architecture, architecture of Europe which emerged in the late 10th century and lasted(new production) to the 13th… …   Wikipedia

  • Romanesque — Ro man*esque , a. [F. romanesque; cf. It. romanesco.] 1. (Arch.) Somewhat resembling the Roman; applied sometimes to the debased style of the later Roman empire, but esp. to the more developed architecture prevailing from the 8th century to the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Romanesque — Ro man*esque , n. Romanesque style. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Romanesque — 1715, originally descended from Latin (Cf. romance), later architectural style in Europe between Roman and Gothic periods (1819), from ROMAN (Cf. Roman), influenced by Fr. romanesque, from L.L. Romanice in Vulgar Latin (see ROMANCE (Cf. romance)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • romanesque — Romanesque. adj. de t. g. Qui tient du Roman, qui est à la maniere des romans. Adventure romanesque. manieres romanesques …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Romanesque — [rō΄mə nesk′] adj. [Fr < It romanesco, romanzesco < romanzo < OFr romanz: see ROMANCE & ESQUE] 1. designating or of a style of European architecture of the 11th and 12th cent., based on the Roman and characterized by the use of the round …   English World dictionary

  • Romanesque — ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to a style of architecture which prevailed in Europe c.900 1200, with massive vaulting and round arches. ORIGIN French, from roman romance …   English terms dictionary

  • Romanesque — Roman (littérature) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Roman. Le roman est un genre littéraire aux contours flous caractérisé pour l essentiel par une narration fictionnelle plus ou moins longue, ce qui le distingue de la nouvelle. La place… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • romanesque — (ro ma nè sk ) adj. 1°   Qui a le caractère du roman. •   Les vaisseaux relâchèrent vers les ruines de Troie ; le lieu était trop romanesque pour y résister ; ils [Villers et Mlle de Guilleragues] mirent pied à terre et s épousèrent, SAINT SIMON… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • ROMANESQUE — adj. des deux genres Qui tient du roman; qui est merveilleux comme les aventures de roman, ou exalté comme les personnages de roman, comme les sentiments qu’on leur prête. Aventure romanesque. Histoire romanesque. Esprit romanesque. Passion… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)


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